Tuesday, October 15, 2019

6 Steps On How To Produce Fish Feed In Nigeria

  Obyke Nonny       Tuesday, October 15, 2019
Fish farming has been a huge impact on the economy and agricultural sector in Nigeria. In this post, am going to share the 6 steps on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria. Endeavor to read this post to the end yo understand every detail am going to share within this post.

Fish farming has been in practice for the past decade in Nigeria, but not at the rate it is today. Today, it serves as a source of food, as a business such as exportation, and so on. All these have made fish farming a good agricultural venture to engage in Nigeria.

6 Steps On How To Produce Fish Feed In Nigeria
A Typical Picture Of Fish Feed - Source: www.fishfeedmachinery.com

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Also because of the nutritional value acquired from fish, it has caused the fast development of the business. Like we know that fish contain Omega 3 that helps to reduce the risk of cadio vascular diseases, High Blood Pressure (HBP) and so on.

Fish is highly prescribed to pregnant and nursing mother in other to help in the fast development of foetus and toddlers. Aging and aged people also need omega 3 to maintain their health as well. Fishes needs to be well fed like any other livestock animals in other to give great returns both as food and profits.

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For the success of Fish farming, you are expected to provide good housing systems with quality draining systems too. This will provide adequate hygiene for the fishes and help them to achieve growth faster. And in return provide great harvest and income.

If fishes are not being feed well, they will try to survive by feeding on themselves or weaker ones. This will become a huge loss to the farmer and no great fish farmer operates a fish farm, without having enough quality and nutritious feed for his fishes.

Like I said earlier, that this post is focused n how to produce fish feeds. The production of the fish feed can be done using locally available composite materials which can be by-products of what we eat or left over of livestock animals such as bones, blood and excretes (manure) etc.

At times, most livestock farmers that don't have experience on the value of these raw materials, tend to dispose them, not knowing they are good source of nutrients for development and growth of fish.

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Raw Materials Needed For The Production Of Locally Made Fish Feeds
The raw materials required for the production of local feed can be classified based on the nutrients they provide for the fish. They are classified as follows:

For Energy: Maize, full cream rice, wheat and some other grains can serve as energy giving feed to the fish.
Maize is rich in carbohydrate but it is quite difficult for the fish to absorb them directly, so it is being processed with other contents in low amount.

Wheat has soft texture, good elongation and elasticity which makes them much more easier to digest compared to maize. Because of its good elongation and elasticity characteristics, they can float on water.

Full cream rice is another source of energy for the fish but has high oxidative rancidity. So it is recommended to be careful when using them.

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For proteins: Soya bean meal of about 40% raw protein, cotton seed meal of about 30 - 40% raw protein, rape seed meal of about 32 - 42% raw protein,  peanut meal earthworms, lizards, maggots, blood meal are good and quality sources of protein for the fish.

For minerals: Snail shell powder, egg shell powder, bone powder, calcium phosphate, are good sources of mineral nutrients required by the fish.

Addition of fatty content are required moderately in other to assist in the digestion of feed. Raw materials such as plantain, banana, cassava, garbage, yam and so on are good raw materials incooperated in the product of local fish feed.

Production Of Fish Feeds Using Local Raw Materials
There are certain factors that are taken into consideration during formulation of fish feed. There are different formulation specifications, this is because of the different nutrients needed by the fish. Different types of fishes have their own different varieties of nutritional requirements.

The nutritional requirements of a fish is determined by the proportion to which the classes of nutrients are being mixed in the production of their feeds. It is very important to know this in other to properly formulate fish feed. Below are the 6 steps on how to produce fish feed:

1. Collect all the raw materials listed above like the energy food, protein etc. in their required proportion.

2. Weigh the feed ingredients according to the required quantity denoted by the formulation specifications.

3. Grind all the ingredients into powdery form using a grinding fish mill.

4. Collect all the powdery ingredients from the grinding mill and feed them into the feed extruder, this converts them into fish pellets rather than remaining in that powdery form.

5. Dry the extruded pellets under the sun or with a feed dryer.

6. Then package all the dried pellets in bags. You are through with the production of feed.  But know that good storage is required for the feed to retain it's content. So make sure to store the feed in a cool and dry environment.

The rate at which fish farming and feed production is growing in Nigeria is quite high and fast. As time goes on, the demand for feed will increase and price will also follow the queue. So knowing how to formulate your own feed locally with help you the farmer and also reduce the importation of these feeds in Nigeria.

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Considering the unstable supply of fish feed together with the high cost of the feed, it has restricted the development of fish farming in Nigeria. So there is a good need for these locally made feed in other to help boost the economy of the country.

In other to reduce the cost of fish feeding in Nigeria, fish farmers should embark on the production of the feed by using the local raw materials. This will give you the opportunity to find out the best recipe for massive growth and production of you fish farming business.

Hope with everything I have discussed in this post, I  was able to give you the 6 steps on how to produce fish feed in Nigeria. Do not forget to give us feedback using the comment box below or contact us page. 

Thanks for reading 6 Steps On How To Produce Fish Feed In Nigeria

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